Did you know, every baby is born with a hole in their heart? This blood vessel is known as the ductus arteriosus. It allows them to receive oxygen-rich blood from their mother while in the womb. After birth, the hole should naturally close over the first few days of their life, letting the lungs and heart take over. But for thousands of babies each year, the hole doesn't close properly. This condition known as a PDA (Patent Ductus Arteriosus) and can inhibit their growth and can be life-threatening to an already fragile life Every year 150,000 premature babies in India, are born with congenital heart defects that require early intervention to survive the first years of their lives. PDA constitutes up to five to ten percent of all congenital heart defects. To solve significant challenges for new born babies, health tech innovators need to think small, effective , and minimal Closing a hole in the most fragile hearts In some cases, primarily in premature babies, the opening or ductus arteriosus does not close spontaneously, making it difficult for babies to breathe normally because of the increased blood flow to the lungs. As babies, especially premature and newborns, are fragile, some even not weighing one kilogram at the time of birth, PDA can be a challenging condition to treat.